Temples

Temples are places of worship and contain  images of Buddha. They are generally clusters of buildings with several halls, where people can pray, and living quarters for monks.  Some have cemeteries.

The architecture of Buddhist temples is influenced by the  Korean and Chinese Buddhist architecture. They include  stone column bases, brackets, curved roofs, painted surfaces, metal ornaments, corridors and pagodas. Torii and fences were commonly replaced with two-storied gates and grand colonnades copied from temple architecture.

Hondo‘ or ‘Kondo‘ is the main hall in the center of the temple grounds. It contains images of the Buddha and altars with various objects and space for monks and worshipers.

Kodo‘ are lecture halls where monks gather to study and chant.

Kyozo‘ are depositories for Buddhist scriptures.

Goju-no-to‘ are pagodas with holy relics of Buddha

Sanmon‘ is a gate to the fenced courtyards

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Early Japanese Buddhist temples had wood pagodas, 3 or 5 storey high, modeled after Chinese-style pagodas, which in turn were modeled after Indian stupas. They store remains of the Buddha, usually in form of a representation.

Gorinto are stone pagodas used as funeral stones. The Japanese word meaning is “five-ring or five-wheel pagoda” The pieces of stone to represent Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Spirit.

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Kairou‘ are roofed, semi-enclosed corridors surrounding the main building area.
Gates mark the entrance to the temple grounds.
Bonsho‘ are the Budhist Temple bells. They are struck directly by a tree trunk that is swung on a couple of chains.

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Otagi Nenbutsu-ji Temple in Arashiyama has more than 1200 strange little stone statues representing the disciples of Buddha. The sculptures were mostly carved by amateurs and donated between1981 and 1991.

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